​What Is a Box Truck and What Is a Box Cargo Van? Box Truck vs Cargo Van Differences

​What Is a Box Truck and What Is a Box Cargo Van? Box Truck vs Cargo Van Differences

The freight trucking industry is vital to the economy of the United States.

Freight trucking is responsible for transporting approximately 70 percent of annual freight goods or 72.5 percent of this country’s freight by weight.

Understanding what is a box truck and the different freight hauling capabilities between box truck types is important when deciding if a commercial box truck is right for your business’s freight shipping needs. We have made a guide to explain the different box truck types and what is a box truck.

What Is a Box Truck?

A commercial box truck sometimes referred to as a straight box truck, is a versatile choice for hauling freight. Although there are different box truck types, they have features that specifically pertain to what is a box truck.

  • Has a single frame. A commercial box truck has a single frame that extends from the front to the rear of the truck. The axles and cargo container are attached to the same frame.  Sliding back door. The rear door of a commercial box truck opens with a roll up cargo door which helps to imagine what is a box truck used for. A commercial box truck is perfect for hauling furniture and appliances.
  • Varies in size. Box truck types vary in length, height, and hauling capacity. In describing what is a box truck they have a rectangular-shaped box separate from the cab. A commercial box truck can range in length from 10 to 26 feet and the height clearance can be 6 to 8 feet depending on the box truck type.
  • Comes with pull out ramps. The various box truck types come with a hydraulic lift or a pull-out ramp.
  • Hauling capacity limit. The hauling capacity of a commercial box truck is in the range of 12,500 to 33,000 pounds, depending on the overall size and weight/freight dimensions of the box truck types.
  • Protected from the elements. A straight truck van or dry van is protected from the elements because it is enclosed, although not refrigerated.

When explaining what is a box truck, it is necessary to consider how they differ from other commercial vehicles.  It is helpful to consider other transport options such as a box cargo van and box truck vs sprinter van.

What Is a Sprinter Cargo Van?

commercial box truck

There are distinctions between a box truck vs sprinter van. When researching what is a box truck is compared to a sprinter cargo van, consider the specific uses of sprinter cargo vans.

  • Different cargo capacities.  A sprinter van is excellent for transporting freight, requiring a larger capacity than a small box cargo van, although not as much space as large box truck types. A sprinter van provides around 120 to 200 cubic feet of space and can transport 4,000 to 5,000 pounds of weight. The height clearance on sprinter vans can be similar to a straight truck van.
  • Able to reach various locations.  When comparing box truck vs sprinter van, an advantage of a sprinter van is that it's able to access places out of reach of a commercial box truck.
  • Allows for excellent mobility. A sprinter van is efficient to drive and easy to maneuver compared to a commercial box truck or other box truck types. Sprinter cargo vans are fuel-efficient compared to other box truck types.

Sprinter cargo vans are the perfect choice for expedited, efficient freight delivery. Other freight delivery choices to compare are a box truck vs cargo van.

Box Truck Vs Cargo Van: the Key Differences

The primary differences between a box truck vs cargo van can be outlined in three general categories.

Vehicle Design and Construction

A distinction between a box truck vs cargo van is a commercial box truck has its cargo area separated from the cab of the vehicle. It is attached to the frame with two-piece construction. In a cargo van, the transporting area is connected to the passenger area with a one-piece design. Most box truck types have roll up doors, whereas cargo vans have sliding side doors and two rear doors. A commercial box truck has straight sides to transport more, an important factor when contrasting a box truck vs cargo van.

Weight and Size of the Truck

Most box truck types provide more cargo space than a cargo van.  The average cargo van can haul approximately 3,700 pounds compared to a 26-foot commercial box truck which could transport approximately 10,000 pounds. The roof height of cargo vans is much lower than some box truck types or straight truck van.  A box truck vs cargo van consideration is that a commercial box truck is classified as a medium-duty commercial vehicle with gross weight classes between 10,000 and 26,000 gross vehicle weight. Cargo vans are generally classified as light or medium-duty vehicles with much lower gross vehicle weight.

Fuel & Engine Efficiency of the Vehicle

A commercial box truck has a more powerful engine when comparing the engine size of a box truck vs cargo van. The larger engine size of most box truck types means they are less fuel-efficient than cargo vans. The larger size of a box truck vs cargo van makes parking, maneuverability, and accessibility more challenging in box truck types.

Understanding what is a box truck and the pros and cons is important when deciding between a box truck vs cargo van. Design, size, and efficiency are crucial factors in deciding the commercial vehicle to choose.

Sprinter Cargo Van vs Box Truck: Which One to Choose?

box truck types

There are pros and cons to a box truck vs sprinter van.

  • Size Comparison: The ability to transport large capacity is primarily what is a box truck used for.
  • Fuel Efficiency: For smaller payloads, a cargo van is more efficient and easier to maneuver.
  • Loading ease:  Large items are loaded more easily in a commercial box truck with a rolling rear door. Tools and cargo are easily accessed from the cab of a cargo van.

The needs of a business are the main factors when deciding between a box truck vs sprinter van.

Conclusion

When deciding on freight transportation options, it is helpful to know the differences between the various box truck types and what is a box truck used for to make the best decision when choosing a commercial vehicle from a transport company.

Now that you understand the difference between a box truck vs cargo van and which commercial vehicle is right for your business needs; picking the right shipping company is the next important step. It is necessary to choose a freight shipping company with an excellent selection of quality box truck types and sprinter cargo vans to haul your freight efficiently and safely. Contact Cowtown Express to get your freight shipping quote today.

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